Born: November 6, 1494 at Trabzon, on the Turkish coast of the Black Sea.
Reign: Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, 1520 to 1566, the "Golden Age" of the Empire.
Died: September 7, 1566, at Szigetvar, Hungary.
Succeeded by: Selim II, also known as "Selim the Drunkard."
Suleiman's Early Life:
Suleiman was born to Sultan Selim I of theOttoman Empire and Aishe Hafsa Sultan of the Crimean Khanate. He was the sultan's only surviving son. As a child, he studied at the Topkapi Palace in Istanbul, where he learned theology, literature, science, history, and warfare. He became fluent in six languages: Ottoman Turkish, Arabic, Serbian, Chagatai Turkish (similar to Uighur), Farsi, and Urdu. Suleiman's tutors noted both his studious nature and his bravery from an early age.