Osman III (Ottoman Turkish: عثمان ثالث ‘Osmān-i sālis; 2/3 January 1699 – 30 October 1757) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1754 to 1757.
The younger brother of Mahmud I (1730–54) and son of Mustafa II (1695–1703) and Valide Şehsuvar Sultan, he was born at Edirne Palace.
His brief reign saw rising intolerance of non-Muslims (Christians and Jewsbeing required to wear distinctive clothes or badges) and is also notable for a fire in Constantinople. His mother was Şehsuvar Sultan, a Serbian valide sultan.
Audience of French ambassadorCharles de Vergennes with Sultan Osman III in 1755.
Osman III lived most of his life as a prisoner in the palace, and as a consequence on becoming Sultan he had some behavioural peculiarities. Unlike previous Sultans, he hated music, and banished all musicians from the palace. He died at the Topkapı Palace, Constantinople.
Osman was responsible for afirman in 1757, that preserved theStatus Quo of various Holy Landsites for Christians, Muslims, and Jews.