Suleiman II bin Ibrahim bin Ahmed bin Mehmed (April 15, 1642 – June 22/23 1691) (Ottoman Turkish: سليمان ثانى Süleymān-i sānī) was theSultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1687 to 1691. After being brought to the throne by an armed mutiny, Suleiman and his grand vizier Fazıl Mustafa Pasha were successfully able to turn the tide of the War of the Holy League, reconquering Belgrade in 1690, as well as carrying out significant fiscal and military reforms.
The younger brother of Mehmed IV (1648–87), Suleiman II was born atTopkapı Palace in Constantinople and had spent 46 years of his life in thekafes (cage), a kind of luxurious prison for princes of the blood within theTopkapı Palace (it was designed to ensure that none could organize a rebellion).
His mother was a Serb woman originally named Katarina, known as Saliha Dilaşub Sultan.
Shortly before assuming the throne, the Ottomans suffered a devastating defeat at the second Battle of Mohács. Suleiman II shrewdly appointedKöprülü Fazıl Mustafa Pasha as his Grand Vizier, leading to the reconquest of Belgrade in 1690. Even so, when Russia joined an alliance of European powers, the Ottomans lost the support of their Crimean allies, who were forced to defend themselves from Russian invasion.
Under Köprülü's leadership the Ottomans halted an Austrian advance intoSerbia and crushed an uprising in Macedonia and Bulgaria until Köprülü Fazıl Mustafa Pasha was killed in the Battle of Slankamen by Austrian forces. Suleiman II died at Edirne Palace in 1691.
Relations with the Mughal Empire
In 1688 the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman II urgently requested for assistance against the rapidly advancing Austrians, during the Ottoman–Habsburg Warhowever the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb and his forces were too heavily engaged in the Deccan Wars against the Marathas to commit any formal assistance to their desperate Ottoman allies.